In general, an advance directive is a term referring to a person's written and verbal commands and wishes about future medical treatment. It usually takes effect when an individual becomes incapable of speech and rational decision-making. Every state regulates the use of such legally binding instructions in a different way.
Ohio living wills and other advance directives are also standardized under the policies and laws of the state concerning the drafting of the legal documents. Needless to say, these policies are only applicable to Ohio residents.
Aside from living wills, there are several other types of advance directives that are available in the state of Ohio. These legally binding documents include power of attorney for healthcare, organ and/or tissue donation, and the "do-not-resuscitate" (DNR) law.
Living wills and other advance directives give you a chance to express your wishes about medical treatment in case you become unconscious or too ill to speak for yourself. However, for as long as you're able and coherent enough to convey your decisions regarding health care, your advance directives will not take effect. Accordingly, you can refuse or accept any medication and/or procedure in the usual manner.
Both state and federal laws regulate the application of living wills and advance directives. The law of the federation, specifically the Patient Self-Determination Act, commands health care providers that accept Medicare and Medicaid funds to notify patients regarding their rights to carry out advance directives. All of the fifty states, including the District of Columbia, have laws that recognize the use of such legal documents.